This course offers students a critical, multidisciplinary, and global approach to the study of punishment. More specifically, this course pivots around three central empirical realms: 1) the meaning and role of punishment; 2) historical shifts and current trends in how Canada and other societies punish; and 3) the nature of social control and punishment inside and outside carceral institutions. Complementing a focus on punishment in North America are opportunities to examine punishment in other countries/regions.