APA Format

For more information on APA please feel free to come in between 8:30 and 4:30 and look in Success in Psychology: Writing and Research for Canadian Students by Douglas Vipond, it should be on the bookshelf. The writing center also has resources

Getting started: Making the title page

  • The first page is different from the rest because it has the words “Running Head” on the top.
    One way to do this is to print the first page separately. To do this insert your page number as follows: On Microsoft Word (which is on all the SAS computers as well as on the computers in the JDH computer lab) go “Insert -> Page Number -> Top->Right. Then click on the page and add your last name on the left of the number, this will replicate the number on each page. Then, click on the header and type in “Running Head: YOUR TITLE” (following that capitalization pattern) then use the space button to place it to the far right.
  • In the middle of the first page, center the following lines:

Your Name (Your Student Number)

St Thomas University

The Date

  • Should always, always use Times New Roman or Courier Font Size 12, or whatever guidelines are given per the assignment by the professor

The cover page should look like this:


As you write: Page formatting

  • When you make the first page, click on the header and remove the words “Running Head” for every page after your first page. Leave the title and the page number. You may have to do this during the printing stage.
  • Continue using Times New Roman 12, regular margins or as specified by the professor.

As you write: Citations

  • The general rule is that whenever you use a fact or a concept you did not think of yourself, you should put in a citation. As soon as you introduce an idea, you should cite it. This does two things for you. First, it prevents you from being accused of plagiarism which is taken very, very seriously at STU. Second, it proves that your thoughts and ideas are informed and that you have done research. This shows you can synthesis ideas and analyze them.
  • In text citations generally consist of the author, the year of publication in parenthesis ex. (Smith, 2013).
  • The best details of how to do this are found here
  • Citations go in the first sentence you mention something.
  • You do not have to cite common knowledge or sayings, but it is up to you to assume the knowledge base of your reader. For most undergraduate papers, you are writing to prove to the professor what you have learned, so explain as much as you can, to prove you understand the concepts. Usually, you should not assume your reader is educated on your subject matter.

While you write: Direct quotes

  • Direct quotes should not be used to explain your point. Do not use them to explain things that you could explain yourself if you reworded it.
  • Direct quotes can be used to prove that the point you already made is supported by other academics. You are on the right track if you start the sentence with “That is supported by Smith (2013) when they said “…..”.” or As said by Smith (2012) “….”
  • If a quote appears as less than 40 you are taking it from, just put it as part of the paragraph. For instance “This is what a quote would look like” (Name page). A direct quote should always be followed by a citation.
  • If a quote is more than 40 words, it should be a block in the middle of your text. All lines should be indented 2 tabs. For block quotes, the citation comes after the period.
  • If it is less than 40 words, and you want to indicate a line break, you can choose to use a /. For example, you might want to quote a poem like this “Roses are red/ Violets are blue” (Gray, 2013).

When you finish: References

  • The last page of your document should list the sources you used. This page is entitled the "References”.
  • This page should have a page number.
  • Begin the References on a new page. The page should be titled References and, just like the title on the first page, should be centered but not italicized or in quotations.
  • List your sources in alphabetical order, using formats listed here
  • The first line of each entry should not be indented but every line after this should.
    The easiest way to do this, using Microsoft Word, is to highlight the entry, click on the "Page Layout" tab at the top and click on the bottom right hand button under the "Paragraph" section. Under special select "hanging" and click okay. This should do the indenting for you and make it easier if you have to change anything.

The best resource on campus for writing information is the Writing Center, coordinated by Linnet Humble. It is free to all students and offers help with all aspects of the writing process. There is no limit to how many times you go but you cannot go with final exams, so it is good to go as soon as you have something else worth checking.

To book an appointment using Google Calendar,visit http://writingcentre.stu.ca

Last modified: Wednesday, 27 February 2013, 1:42 PM